The Pambadum Shola National Park, which is home to several endangered species of flora and fauna, is the smallest national park in Kerala. Located in the eastern part of the South -Western Ghats, the area was declared a national park in 2003. About 131.80 hectares of landfalls in the park area. The park that greets travelers with cloudy skies and mist offer wildlife watching and trekking options. April-September is the ideal time to visit. The park is situated about 35 km from Munnar.
The Pambadum Shola National Park is rich in exotic flora. Around 22 species of trees, 74 species of herbs and shrubs and 16 species of climbers have been identified here.
The important mammals found in the Pambadum Shola National Park include Elephant, Gaur, Leopard, Wild Boar, Sambar andCommon Langur. Nilgiri Marten, the only species of marten found in South India, can be spotted in the park. Around 14 species of birds, 9 species of mammals and 93 species of moths have also been recorded from the Shola.
But the biggest surprise that awaits travelers to the Pambadum Shola National Park is an amazing variety of butterflies that inhabit the shola forests. Around 100 species of butterflies have been recorded from the park. Of these, many are rare species like Parantica Nilgiris is (Nymphalidae), which is listed as threatened by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). Other important butterflies recorded from the park are Rohana pariasatis, Zipoetis saints, Libythea lepta, Pantoporia ranga and Jamides dialects.
Some notable birds found here include the Nilgiri Wood-pigeon, Nilgiri Flycatcher, Black-and-orange Flycatchers, White-bellied Shortwing, Scaly-breasted Lorikeet, Blue Rock-thrush and Blue-capped Rock-thrush.
The Pambadum Shola National Park offers some special eco-tourism programmes to experience the wild. Nature trail, an exciting trekking option offered here takes travelers through the Munnar-Kodaikanal forest road to Vandaravu where there is a watchtower offering amazing sights. And if you want a stay in the wild for a day or two, have it at the log houses situated at Kuttikadu and Neduvarpu.
The eco-tourism programmes are organized by the Forest Department, in association with Eco-development Committees (EDCs) comprising members of the local tribal communities.
The Pambadum Shola National Park is about 35 km from Munnar town. It can be reached from Kochi (135 km) and Kottayam (148 km) by road. The Kochi – Kodaikanal highway passes through the National Park.
Air: The Park is accessible from Cochin (Kerala) and Coimbatore (Tamil Nadu) airports, which are located about 170 km and 160 km respectively.
Rail: The nearest railway station in Kerala is Aluva (180 km) and Udumalpet (110 km) in Tamil Nadu.